CEFR C1 Vocabulary

CEFR C1 Vocabulary - Lesson 30

school icon42 Words
22 min
Here you will learn some English words about sickness, such as "agony", "dizzy", "asthma", etc. prepared for C1 learners.
ailment
ailmentnoun

an illness, often a minor one

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agony
agonynoun

severe physical or mental pain

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syndromenoun

a group of medical signs that indicate a person is suffering from a particular disease or mental problem

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acuteadjective

severe in degree; very serious

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chronicadjective

(of an illness) difficult to cure and long-lasting

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contagious
contagiousadjective

(of a disease) transmittable from one person to another through close contact

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breathlessadjective

unable to breathe easily

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dizzy
dizzyadjective

unable to keep one's balance and feeling as though everything is circling around one, caused by an illness or looking down from a high place

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fataladjective

resulting in death

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feverish
feverishadjective

having or caused by a fever

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swollen
swollenadjective

(of a part of the body) unusually large, particularly because of an injury or illness

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asthma
asthmanoun

a disease that causes shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing

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bird flunoun

a dangerous disease among birds, especially poultry, that can be transmitted to humans and sometimes kill them

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Covid-19noun

an infectious disease caused by a type of virus called coronavirus that causes fever, tiredness, a cough, etc., and in some cases can kill, originated in China and later became a pandemic

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diarrheanoun

a medical condition in which body waste turns to liquid and comes out frequently

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hay fevernoun

an illness that causes a runny nose and watery eyes, caused by dust from plants that come into the body through the air

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HIVnoun

the virus that causes a very dangerous disease called AIDS, transmitted through blood or sexual activity

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measles
measlesnoun

a contagious disease that causes high fever and small red spots on the body, common in children

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plaguenoun

a dangerous disease spread by rats that causes fever and swellings, often kills if infected

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strokenoun

a dangerous condition in which a person loses consciousness as a result of a blood vessel breaking open or becoming blocked in their brain, which could kill or paralyze a part of their body

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blister
blisternoun

a swollen area on the skin filled with liquid, caused by constant rubbing or by burning

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lumpnoun

a swollen area under the skin, usually caused by a sickness or injury

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rash
rashnoun

a part of one's skin covered with red spots, which is usually caused by a sickness or an allergic reaction

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scar
scarnoun

a mark that is left on one's skin after a wound or cut has healed

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swellingnoun

an area of one's body that has become unusually larger, caused by an injury or sickness

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collapse
collapsenoun

a situation in which a person suddenly falls down or loses consciousness because of tiredness or an illness

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fatigue
fatiguenoun

a feeling of extreme tiredness that is usually caused by physical or mental overwork or exercise

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fracture
fracturenoun

a crack or break in a bone or other hard substance

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to bounce back
to bounce backverb

to regain health after an illness or become successful again after facing difficulties

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to complain ofverb

to state that one feels ill or one's body part is in pain

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to faint
to faintverb

to suddenly lose consciousness from a lack of oxygen in the brain, which is caused by a shock, etc.

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to infect
to infectverb

to transmit a disease to a person, animal, or plant

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addict
addictnoun

someone who cannot stop taking, using, or smoking a substance

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carrier
carriernoun

a person or animal that carries a disease, without suffering from it themselves, and transmits to other people or animals

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epidemicnoun

an occurrence of a disease that spreads and involves a large number of people at the same time in a particular area

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pandemicnoun

a disease that spreads across a large region or even across the world

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outbreaknoun

the unexpected start of something terrible, such as a disease or war

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parasitenoun

(biology) a small organism that lives on or inside another organism, called a host, and is dependent on it for nutrition and growth

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shiver
shivernoun

a brief shaking movement of one's body as a result of fear or being cold

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worn out
worn outadjective

exhausted because of too much physical work

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stuffyadjective

*** if you have a stuffy nose, your nose is blocked because you have a cold

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to chafeverb

(of a body part) to become sore or irritated due to being rubbed against something

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