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CEFR C1 Vocabulary - Lesson 30

Here you will learn some English words about sickness, such as "agony", "dizzy", "asthma", etc. prepared for C1 learners.

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CEFR C1 Vocabulary
ailment
[noun]
an illness, often a minor one
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agony
[noun]
severe physical or mental pain
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syndrome
[noun]
a group of medical signs that indicate a person is suffering from a particular disease or mental problem
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acute
[adjective]
characterized by severe intensity or seriousness
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chronic
[adjective]
(of an illness) difficult to cure and long-lasting
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contagious
[adjective]
(of a disease) transmittable from one person to another through close contact
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breathless
[adjective]
unable to breathe easily
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dizzy
[adjective]
unable to keep one's balance and feeling as though everything is circling around one, caused by an illness or looking down from a high place
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fatal
[adjective]
resulting in death
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feverish
[adjective]
having or caused by a fever
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swollen
[adjective]
(of a part of the body) unusually large, particularly because of an injury or illness
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asthma
[noun]
a disease that causes shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing
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bird flu
[noun]
a dangerous disease among birds, especially poultry, that can be transmitted to humans and sometimes kill them
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Covid-19
[noun]
an infectious disease caused by a type of virus called coronavirus that causes fever, tiredness, a cough, etc., and in some cases can kill, originated in China and later became a pandemic
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diarrhea
[noun]
a medical condition in which body waste turns to liquid and comes out frequently
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hay fever
[noun]
an illness that causes a runny nose and watery eyes, caused by dust from plants that come into the body through the air
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HIV
[noun]
the virus that causes a very dangerous disease called AIDS, transmitted through blood or sexual activity
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measles
[noun]
a contagious disease that causes high fever and small red spots on the body, common in children
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plague
[noun]
a dangerous disease spread by rats that causes fever and swellings, often kills if infected
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stroke
[noun]
a dangerous condition in which a person loses consciousness as a result of a blood vessel breaking open or becoming blocked in their brain, which could kill or paralyze a part of their body
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blister
[noun]
a swollen area on the skin filled with liquid, caused by constant rubbing or by burning
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lump
[noun]
a swollen area under the skin, usually caused by a sickness or injury
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rash
[noun]
a part of one's skin covered with red spots, which is usually caused by a sickness or an allergic reaction
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scar
[noun]
a mark that is left on one's skin after a wound or cut has healed
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swelling
[noun]
an area of one's body that has become unusually larger, caused by an injury or sickness
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collapse
[noun]
a situation in which a person suddenly falls down or loses consciousness because of tiredness or an illness
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fatigue
[noun]
a feeling of extreme tiredness that is usually caused by physical or mental overwork or exercise
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fracture
[noun]
a crack or break in a bone or other hard substance
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to bounce back
[verb]
to regain health after an illness or become successful again after facing difficulties
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to complain of
[verb]
to state that one feels ill or one's body part is in pain
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to faint
[verb]
to suddenly lose consciousness from a lack of oxygen in the brain, which is caused by a shock, etc.
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to infect
[verb]
to transmit a disease to a person, animal, or plant
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addict
[noun]
someone who cannot stop taking, using, or smoking a substance
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carrier
[noun]
a person or animal that carries a disease, without suffering from it themselves, and transmits to other people or animals
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epidemic
[noun]
an occurrence of a disease that spreads and involves a large number of people at the same time in a particular area
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pandemic
[noun]
a disease that spreads across a large region or even across the world
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outbreak
[noun]
the unexpected start of something terrible, such as a disease
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parasite
[noun]
(biology) a small organism that lives on or inside another organism, called a host, and is dependent on it for nutrition and growth
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shiver
[noun]
a brief shaking movement of one's body as a result of fear or being cold
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worn out
[adjective]
exhausted because of too much physical work
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stuffy
[adjective]
having difficulty breathing through one's nose, often due to a cold or allergy
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to chafe
[verb]
(of a body part) to become sore or irritated due to being rubbed against something
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