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CEFR C2 Vocabulary - Engineering

Here you will learn all the essential words for talking about Engineering, collected specifically for level C2 learners.

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CEFR C2 Vocabulary
relay
[noun]
an electronic device that uses a small electrical current to control a larger current, acting like an automatic switch
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ball bearing
[noun]
a type of rolling-element bearing that uses balls to maintain the separation between the bearing races, reducing friction and enabling smooth rotation
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belt drive
[noun]
a mechanical transmission system using a flexible belt to transfer power between rotating shafts
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breeder reactor
[noun]
a type of nuclear reactor that generates more fissile material than it often consumes
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test bench
[noun]
an environment that can be used to verify the correctness of a model or design
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cog
[noun]
a wheel with a set of square or triangular teeth sticking out around the edge that fits into the edge of a similar wheel, causing both wheels to turn
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crank
[noun]
a device that allows movement between mechanical parts of a machine or converts backward and forward motion into circular movement
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drive shaft
[noun]
a mechanical component that transmits rotational power from the engine to the wheels or other driven components of a vehicle or machine
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gearing
[noun]
gears, toothed wheels, or mechanical components designed to transmit and control power between rotating shafts in a machine, vehicle, or system
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overhaul
[noun]
a thorough inspection and repair of a machine or system to improve its performance or extend its lifespan
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sprocket
[noun]
a toothed wheel with projections that mesh with a chain, track, or other perforated or indented material, typically used to transmit motion or power in machinery, vehicles, or bicycles
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lathe
[noun]
a machine tool that rotates a workpiece so you can shape it by cutting, sanding, or drilling
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computer-aided design technician
[noun]
a professional who uses specialized software to create detailed drawings and plans for buildings, machines, or products
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torque
[noun]
a rotational force measured in newton-meters or foot-pounds
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plasticity
[noun]
the capability of being easily changed or molded into many different things
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rivet
[noun]
a permanent fastener with a head on one end and a deformable shaft that forms a second head when joining materials together
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fracking
[noun]
a method used to extract natural gas or oil from deep underground by injecting high-pressure fluid to fracture rock formations
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transformer
[noun]
an electric device that is used to increase or decrease the voltage of an alternating current
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substation
[noun]
a facility that transforms voltage levels and regulates electrical currents, typically situated in an electrical power distribution system
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combustion
[noun]
a chemical reaction between a fuel and an oxidizing agent, typically producing heat and light
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conduit
[noun]
a pipe, tube, or channel that is used to protect, enclose, or route electrical wires, cables, or other utilities for the purpose of safe and organized transmission
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alternating current
[noun]
an electric current that reverses direction periodically, typically used in power distribution systems due to its efficiency in long-distance transmission
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biogas
[noun]
a gas, especially methane, that is produced as a result of the decomposition of animal or plant remains, which is used as fuel
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biofuel
[noun]
a type of fuel made from living matter, such as plants or waste, that can be used as a renewable energy source
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electromechanical
[adjective]
relating to systems or devices that involve both electrical and mechanical components or functions
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