pattern

CEFR C2 Vocabulary - Geology

Here you will learn all the essential words for talking about Geology, collected specifically for level C2 learners.

review-disable

Review

flashcard-disable

Flashcards

spelling-disable

Spelling

quiz-disable

Quiz

Start Learning
CEFR C2 Vocabulary
tectonics
[noun]
the scientific study of the Earth's lithosphere and the processes that shape its structure, including the movement of tectonic plates, earthquakes, and volcanic activity
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
plate
[noun]
a large, rigid section of the Earth's lithosphere that moves, leading to geological activity like earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
fissure
[noun]
(in geology) a narrow break or crack that partially divides a rock or surface without completely separating it
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
subduction
[noun]
a geological process where one tectonic plate moves under another and sinks into the Earth's mantle
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
isostasy
[noun]
the gravitational balance between Earth's rigid lithosphere and the underlying, semi-fluid asthenosphere, influencing variations in surface elevation
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
lithosphere
[noun]
the Earth's rigid outer layer, made up of the crust and upper mantle, and divided into tectonic plates
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
asthenosphere
[noun]
a layer of semi-fluid rock beneath the Earth's crust that allows tectonic plates to move
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
karst
[noun]
a landscape formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks, characterized by sinkholes, caves, and underground drainage systems
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
orogeny
[noun]
the geological process of mountain building, usually occurring due to the collision or convergence of tectonic plates
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
geode
[noun]
a hollow rock with a cavity inside, lined with crystals or mineral material, formed through natural processes and often valued for its aesthetic qualities
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
kimberlite
[noun]
a volcanic rock that often contains diamonds, formed during explosive eruptions from the Earth's mantle, and is of particular interest in diamond exploration and mining
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
glaciation
[noun]
the geological process involving the expansion and movement of glaciers, shaping landscapes through erosion, deposition, and the formation of distinctive glacial landforms
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
moraine
[noun]
a deposit of rocks, sediment, and glacial material left by a moving glacier, forming distinctive landforms along its edges or terminus
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
drumlin
[noun]
a streamlined, elongated hill formed by glacial action, with a teardrop shape and the steeper end facing the direction of ice movement
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
caldera
[noun]
a large, basin-shaped volcanic crater formed by the collapse of a volcano after a massive eruption
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
diagenesis
[noun]
the physical and chemical changes occurring in sediments between their deposition and their consolidation into sedimentary rock
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
metamorphism
[noun]
a complete change in the form and structure of a rock as a result of heat and pressure
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
sedimentation
[noun]
the process by which particles settle out of a liquid or gas due to gravity, forming a sediment layer
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
faulting
[noun]
the movement or displacement along a fracture in the Earth's crust, resulting from tectonic forces, which can lead to earthquakes
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
aquifer
[noun]
a layer of rock or sediment that stores and transmits groundwater
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
concretion
[noun]
a hard lump or mass formed in sedimentary rock by natural cementing processes
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
pluton
[noun]
a large body of igneous rock formed beneath the Earth's surface from magma that has cooled and solidified
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
folding
[noun]
(in geology) the bending or deformation of rock layers due to compressional forces
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
lahar
[noun]
a fast-moving mixture of volcanic ash, debris, and water
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
subsidence
[noun]
the process during which a building or piece of land sinks to a lower level or to the ground
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
intrusion
[noun]
(geology) the injection of magma into existing rock formations underground
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
matrix
[noun]
(geology) the fine-grained material surrounding larger rock fragments or grains within a sedimentary rock
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
igneous
[adjective]
(of rock) formed from cooled magma or lava
daily words
wordlist
dictionary link
LanGeek
Download LanGeek app